Biomass energy is the use of organic material to generate energy. Technically, it was discovered back in our cave-dwellings days when we realised that wood could burn. And we’ve been at it ever since. Back in the 13th century, explorer Marco Polo noted the use of processes to create biofuels, after seeing the Chinese using covered sewage tanks to generate biogas.
Biomass energy is derived from the organic matters which have been spread across the earth in abundance. Biomass energy consist of wood and agricultural biomass, solid wastes, landfills gas and alcohol fuels. There are important characteristics of biomass energy which distinct it from other kind of sources. Firstly it is environment friendly. In most cases, the emission of carbon dioxide is smaller as compared to the emission of its counterparts. Whatever quantity biomass energy emits, it takes back during the growth of the agricultural related products in during photosynthesis process.
Secondly, the supply of biomass products is renewable. Almost all the nations of the world have been in possession of the organic substances in different forms. So, the local supply of biomass relieves an oil importing countries from foreign oil and saves their foreign exchange reserves. Thirdly, the disposal of industry and domestic wastes is a pain-taking issue. Such wastes may usefully consumed by converting it into the biomass energy. Biomass energy has some advantage, and disadvantages; it is costly and involves difficult processes.
The process of conversion of biomass includes combustion process and non-combustion process; informer the temperature is used while in non-combustion process the conversion is taken place chemically.
Introduction the source of biomass is organic substances.it is a kind of energy. The ultimate source of biomass is the sun. A process is taken place in all plants which is called photosynthesis by which the plants consume chlorophyll for the conversion of energy coming from sun to the energy which is storable in the plants. The ingredients of the growth of plant are water, nutrients and the process of photosynthesis.