` Asthma Essay
Breathing is an essential operation for every human. Normal breathing is easy for most people but it is difficult for people with asthma. During an asthma attack, breathing became difficult and sometime impossible to flow the air through the lungs. The number of people with asthma continues to increase and become the common problem, and has become the most common chronic childhood disease. It is the most common prolong lung disease that makes breathing difficult and causes wheezing and coughing. As well as, it is the most important health problem in Australia. Sometimes it is harder for a person with asthma to breathe in and out but other times their breathe is normal. Asthma influences people of all ages. Some people come to have asthma when they are young, other people get it when they are older. Asthma today is the major long term respiratory condition among children and adults which change the respiratory task of the body. It can be originated everywhere and at any time, not only in big cities but also in the country. There are warning signs of the asthma attack before it occurs but sometimes there is not any signs. This disease can not be treated successfully but decrease the severity of the attack, for most people it can be controlled by following a daily management plan. This essay will manifests some very essential things about asthma such as statistics, types of asthma, causes, symptoms, effects that activate asthma attack ,treatment and prevention of this disease .
Firstly, According to the National Asthma Council of Australia ( NACA) ( 2006) more than More than 2.2 million Australians are suffering from asthma . It is more spread in males aged 0-14 years but it is more common in female aged 15 years and over . It is popular in poor people who are living in socioeconomically poor areas and for Indigenous Australians. The spreading of asthma among Indigenous Australians (16.5%) is now higher than among other Australians ( 10.2%) , especially in adults older than 35 years and those living in remote areas. Furthermore, studies shows that the spreading of asthma in Indigenous adults older than 55 years is higher than the noting in children
Secondly, there are five types of asthma depended on the extremity of the asthma. First one is Severe persistent, which is when the symptoms are insufficient to control daily activities, the symptoms also happen frequently at night. This type of asthma needs the most concentrated treatment. The second type is the Moderate persistent, it is when symptoms happen every day and or several times per week at night. Third type of asthma is Mild persistent that is when symptoms happen several times a week and or sometimes at night. The fourth one is Mild intermittent, which is when the symptoms happen about twice a week or less or breathing is normal. The last and minimum severe is exercise-induced asthma (EIA), which means that the symptoms are restricted to the continuing physical activity’s time. When exercising forcefully for a few minutes or longer chest tightness, coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath will happen.
Thirdly, the exact cause of asthma is undefined, but it has been started to run in families. Family history plays an important role in a child spreading asthma and wheezing. growing into a family who has allergies , asthma or any other diseases influencing the lower airways is also a threat element for all types of wheezing. Persons with asthma may be super sensitive to many substances and environmental conditions that are normally harmless. Common triggers are allergens (pollen, moulds, animal dander, dust, and dust mites), as well as irritants (smoke, fumes, and strong odours), exercise, stress, and changes in weather and temperature. Also a cold or flu, certain medicines, and food supplements can be causes for asthma.
Fourthly, symptoms may be different from an asthma attack to the next and from person to another. Usually, it includes itchy throat or a feeling of tightness and heaviness in the chest, followed by a persistent irritable cough especially at night and early morning , wheezing or shortness of breath. If the symptoms do not get better with medicines and the breathing is going on to become worse after the treatment, the fingernails or lips turn blue , difficulty to walk or talk, or the person has difficulty breathing and feels his or her neck, chest or ribs are come to a stop with each breath he or she take , nostrils blaze at breathing , he or she has to asked for help immediately
Fifthly, Asthma is a disease that influence people physically, psychologically and socially. Gelfland (2008) writes that its coughing, breathlessness, wheezing and chest tightness influences the health of the people, restricting their demanding in normal day to day activities. He also says that the conditions prevent some children from going to school and some adults from going to their work. According to the Australian Centre for Asthma Monitoring or (ACAM) (2004) 20% of children with asthma report not being calling for any participating in any physical activities such as playing and riding bicycles and of feeling anger, dissatisfaction and socially setting a part . Asthma’s restricting of activities refers to that life will be more difficult since support is required for activities such as shopping and housework.
Sixthly, there is no single test for asthma. The doctor will decide if the person has asthma based on talking to him, examining him and performing some breathing tests. The doctor will evaluate the symptoms, how frequently these occur and wether the patient see any improvement after taking medicines , family and medical history , whether the patient have allergies, what are the conditions cause the patient to have the symptoms , lung function by using breathing tests such as spirometry or peak flow monitoring. Since there is no cure for asthma, a number of treatments can help effectively control this condition. Treatment is based on two important ideas: relieving symptoms and preventing future symptoms and attacks from developing
Asthma can also grow at any age. If the asthma were diagnosed when the person was child, the symptoms may cease to be visible during teenage years. However, asthma can come back in adulthood. If childhood symptoms of asthma are moderate to severe, the condition may go on or return later in life.
Successful prevention of ‘attacks’ can be achieved through a combination of medicines, lifestyle advice and identifying and then avoiding potential asthma triggers.