Ashley good leader apart for the great

Ashley Timm”The greatest leader is notnecessarily the one who does the greatest things.

  He is the one that gets the people to do the greatestthings.” Ronald Regan. Leaders come in all shapes and sizesand all posses a different set of useful skills.

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There are things that set goodleader apart for the great ones.  Afterreading different articles I have learned just how important these skillsreally are.  One of the articlesLeadership skills in the or Part1 communication helps surgeon avoid pitfall wasextremely informative.  It talks aboutthe six leadership styles: authoritative, coaching, affiliative, democratic,pacesetting, and commanding.

Having multiple leadership styles can make for aneven better leader.  According to thearticle the authoritative leader is going to be the leader focusing on thelong- term goals. When an authoritative lead they listen to others, the leader goesover goals for the group and builds support. Coaching was another style theymentioned.  Coaching, or mentoring,involves giving out the responsibility to right person and for the right job.

   An effective coaching leader helps teammates pick out their own strengths, weaknesses and set their own end goals theyare wanting to obtain. The coach guides others in obtaining any extrainformation and resources. The affiliative leader cancreate a safe, learning environment that addresses other’s emotional needs.With the affiliative leadership style, they are trying to build team harmony,boosts morale, and gain loyalty of the group.

The affiliative leader shies awayfrom the negative feedback and rather tries to offer only the positive. A greatway to offer a positive feedback system is to use the sandwich effect.  You start with a positive then add the negativefollowed with another positive.  When youuse this approach, it makes the team player feel less attacked when beingcorrected. Your point is still just as effective you are just using positivereinforcement rather then just tell them everything they did wrong.  It A democratic leader gathersthe input from everyone in the group.

This makes everyone feel a part of theteam.  They feel as they belong, and theiropinion is valued. Encouraging input from others in the group generatesnew ideas and increases positive outcomes. The democratic style encouragesbuy-in and builds trust and respect.The pacesetting style setshigh goals and standards and demonstrates them.

 Weak performers are expected to progress or can expect to be replaced.This style is most effective with a team of exceedingly talented and driven teammembers. The risk of the pacesetting style is that it can up set the confidenceof the team leaving them feeling as they don’t  matter. Weak performers are expected to improve or be prepared to be replaced.This style is most effective with a team of extremely talented and inspired teammembers. While contribution from others may be urged, the leader upholds the definitivepower. This leadership style is efftive in a crisis.

  The breakdownof these leadership qualities was great. Another example used was the comparison ofsurgery to a flight crew.  I had neverconsidered the similarities.

Both surgery and aviation their possibility for high stress,pressures, requirement of properly working equipment, and a historically unyieldingpecking order. Airline pilotsuse a preflight checklist to simplify communication errors. The purpose of thechecklist is to deliver information so that every member of the flight crew hasa understanding of what is expected and what is being done.

  This same procedure is done in the OR withour “time out” or “pause for the cause”. There are many different names but it’s all the same concept.  By taking the extra time and running down thecheck list it provides effective commination that is laid out for the entireteam. This kind communications allows for less errors and can prevent majormess ups.

It talked about leadership role in acrisis.  This is a very important qualityfor a leader in the surgical setting.   Difference in expected pathology,problems with technology equipment or, and errors of communication can allconspire to create a surgical crisis.  “Thesecret of crisis management is not good vs.

bad, it’s preventing the bad fromgetting worse.” Andy Gilman.  Knowing howto handle these added stress factors is critical.  It can mean the difference in life savingseconds.  Surgeries can change on adime.  Being able to adapt whilemaintaining order and being able to give directions couldn’t be more important.  Everyone in the operating room would love foreach procedure to be a well-orchestrated serious. But anyone that has everworked in the OR knows that isn’t ever the case.

  One of theother major topics talked about in the article is having effectivecommunication.  Communication is key inany part communicating but if its not effective it’s not relevant.  What is the point of communicating if whatyou are trying to get across isn’t effective. It’s a waste of everyone’s time. Most importantly you probably aren’tgoing to have a happy surgeon on your hands. “The single most important lesson of effective communication is this:Focus on clarity.

  Concentrate onprecisions.  Don’t worry aboutconstructing beautiful sentences.  Beautycomes from meaning, not language. Accuracy is the most effective style of all.” David Gerrold We have to beable to do a self-assenting to figure out if we will be an effective leader andif we don’t match up to these things then we have to know what we need to fix.When putting people in management roles we have to be able to evaluate theirskills as well.

  Self-awareness is the ability to read one’s own emotions andrecognize their impact.  Self-management theability to control one’s emotions and impulses and adapt to changingcircumstances.  Social awareness theability to sense, understand, and react to other people’s emotions.  Social skills the ability to inspire otherswith a compelling vision and to help others develop by offering feedback andguidance.  “If somebody doesn’t have theself-awareness and self- respect to conduct themselves in a polite andbusiness- like fashion, then that could be an indication of their lack ofability to be a strong performer.” Mark Green5 unique Surgical tech skills you need to succeed.www.rasmussen.eduLeadership skills in the OR part 1 communication helps surgeonavoid pitfallswww.bullentin.facs.org     

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