As referred to definition that this essay chooses

As initially stated, the comparison has to be approached from a sustainable perspective. Our Common Future, published in 1983 by the World Commission on Environment and Development (the Brundtland Commission), defined sustainability as development that ‘seeks to meet the needs and aspirations of the present without compromising the ability to meet those of the future’ (WCED, 1987). This is a well defined and commonly referred to definition that this essay chooses to adopt.  For the clarity of argumentation, what is meant by conventional and organic agriculture is going to be specified and their background briefly identified. 2.1 Conventional agricultureConventional arable agriculture refers to industrial methods in farming that use external artificial inputs for the gain of maximum potential yield with most efficient labor methods and land area use. It intensified during the Green Revolution after World War 2 and was positively received as the new mechanical and chemical efficiency enabled to produce enough food to save a billion lives from starvation at the time, especially in India and Pakistan. However, this method is reliant on synthetic chemicals for fertilization and pest control for successful production. Although efficient in many aspects, it is rather expensive in a sense that it depends on constant costly artificial input investments (Singh, 2011). 2.2 Organic agricultureBefore industrial mechanization in agriculture, for thousands of years since the rise of agriculture 8000 BC, people have been successfully working with nature in ‘natural’ ways without extra help of chemicals or machines. Out of this argumentation 1920s saw a birth of organic movement as a reaction against the use of chemical inputs by conventional agriculture. By the end of the century the environmental and food quality concern was was widely spread organic movement had undergone international recognition and institutional regulation (Tiziano et al. 2011). According to IFOAM (International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements) established and active since 1972, “Organic agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved.” (IFOAM, 2017).


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