“Ageing is a privilege and a societal achievement, while also a challenge presenting imminent impact on all aspects of 21st century society.” is one of the messages suggested from WHO ( World Health Organisation) on the theme of the elderly people, a theme that has a crucial impact on our society. The Aging population is a problem that affects all regions and all countries with different levels of development. Its progression is faster in the developing countries, even among those with a high number of Young people. The decrease in fertility, the increase in life expectancy for all age groups and the reduction in mortality rates are among the factors that, more than others, push our population towards a gradual ageing of the population. Furthermore, there may be an increase in population even if the birth rate and fertility rate decrease, because there is a great rate of people born at different ages who are fruitful. Well-being leads to an increase in average life, but the fertility rate decreases especially in developed countries.
According to the National Statistics the population of the UK was 65.6 million in 2016. From the statistics taken is clear that the population is getting older with 18% aged 65 and over and 2.4% aged 85 and over. In 2016 there were 285 people aged 65 and over for every 1,000 people aged 16 to 64 years which is the traditional working age. (Malissa Randal, 21 July 2017)According to the UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund) in 2017 the number of the population in UK is 66.
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2 million and the percentage of population aged above 65 is 18.8%, this means that there has been an increment of the population.These statistics show that there are less young people than few years ago, because less children were born in the last few years. This is due to the fact that the idea of family has changed over time, now people tend to get married less often as they prefer to live together or they just get married in a older age. Birth rate decreased also due to the fact that same sex couple increased from the past and they are accepted and also became legally recognised in many countries.
Instead the elderly are increasing which can be considered a triumph for development, because people today live longer for many reasons: such as healthier life style, better nutrition, hygiene, progress in the field of medicine,development of new technology live in better house and have a better healthcare to treat themselves than many years ago. according to the Office of the National Statistics in 2016 women have a mortality rate on an average of 82.9 years and men 79.2.
From the graph 1.1 and 1.2 is evident that the life expentacy of male and female has increased from 1981.The demographic ageing has inevitable repercussions on the labour market, public spending, social services and therefore on the economic trend and the social, health and cultural evolution of our country