After the Pangkor Agreement which was signed on 20 January 1874, the British intervention in the Malay States was most distinctly. However, the British intervened in the politics of Malay States can be turn back to an earlier period, like the occupation of Penang and Singapore and the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824.From the late of 18th century, the British started to expand their power over the Malayan Archipelago situated in Southeast Asia through trade. The intervention in the Malay States was started by the British East India Company (BEIC) which the purpose is to promote and protect its lucrative trade route between India and China. The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 gave the British control over the Straits of Malacca and created the contemporary boundary between Indonesia and Malaysia


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