According to the the Climate Change Performance Index no country is doing enough to prevent global warming. The world has warmed by 0.
9 degrees in the past 100 years. This shows that countries are ineffective in trying to mitigate global warming. While most countries have pledged to change something, most countries have taken very little action.
Today we will be discussing the country that is helping the most, the country that is hurting the most and what Singapore is doing. But before that, what exactly is the current goal that the world is working towards. According to Paris Accords, most countries aim to keep global warming below 2 degrees.
However as of July 2018 only 4 regions meet this criteria, Morocco, India, Philippines and Ethiopia, which. Which shows how little the world is doing. Hence, the effectiveness taken to address the issue of climate change throughout the world is totally insufficient.However in the EU, there is one country that is doing more than their fair share of work: France.
According to the ranking by the Climate Change Performance Index, France is the role model for all other nations to follow. Research from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology shows that if every country were to follow in France’s footsteps, carbon emissions would be lowered by 50% by 2050. France has managed to reduce its carbon emissions by 2% each year by firstly, depending more on nuclear energy than coal power plants. Nuclear energy releases no carbon dioxide and is more sustainable. 30 years ago, only 1% of all energy came from nuclear power, but today, almost 80% of its energy comes from Nuclear energy. This was done by closing 10 coal power plants and switching to nuclear and clean energy.
This was somewhat effective as it means that France has reduced its carbon emission Yes but what are the limitations to this? Should every country make the switch to nuclear power?So after all the effort the French have put in, why is global warming still a pressing issue. It is because other countries have not cut back on their carbon emissions. One such country being the United States of America (USA). According to the World Resources Institute, USA contributes 14.36% to carbon emissions.
Furthermore they have pulled out of the Paris climate agreement and are trying to make their country prosper rather than allowing the world to prosper. Under the Obama administration, the USAU.S. had committed to a 26 to 29 percent reduction of greenhouse gas emissions below its 2005 level by 2025. They aimed to do this with the introduction of the clean power.
79% of Americans opted for cleaner power and the USA hadAmerica planned to switch to more renewable resources. However under trump, the USAAmerica is now moving back towards coal, which releases a lot of Carbon when used as fuel. Every other country has been steadily working towards lowering their carbon emissions. However America’s main energy source is still fossil fuels which produce 80% of the energy used in the country.
This is a clear difference to the aforementioned France. While 80% of France’s energy is clean, only 20% of the United State’s energy is clean. This then reinforces the point that countries are not doing enough to address the issue of climate changeComing back to the National Level, Singapore’s mitigation efforts have proven is still not meeting up with the mitigation of climate change, and its effort is completely insufficient. Firstly, its emission target was to reduce its Emissions Intensity by 36% from 2005 levels by 2030, and stabilise its emissions with the aim of peaking around 2030. Singapore contributes about 0.11 per cent of global emissions, but it ranks 26th out of 142 countries in terms of emissions per capita, according to 2015 data from the International Energy Agency.
This means that each person in Singapore produces more carbon emissions than his counterpart in Britain, Switzerland or France, for instance. Humans are the driving factor behind the current warming trend. Therefore, by educating the public on the severe effects of global warming to the environment and our species as a whole, people will be more aware of our consequences in our actions.
This is in response to one of the greatest threats to us: Being an island and in the future making the sea levels rise and we will cease to exist. This has a high probability to happen, especially when our efforts in mitigating climate change is far too negligible. The Government can be seen to tackle climate change; yet it requires the collective action of everyone. This means that things like Plant-a-tree movement and the encouragement to use public transport is inadequate contribution to tackle climate change. According to climateactiontracker.
org, these “efforts” will lead to emissions in 2030 of 60 MtCO2e, or a 123% increase above 1994 levels. This just indicates how little we are trying to stop our contribution to climate change and this ‘effort’ is only worsening. Singapore’s climate commitments in 2017 are not consistent with holding warming to below 2°C, let alone limiting it to 1.5°C as required under the Paris Agreement, and are instead consistent with warming between 3°C and 4°C: if all countries were to follow Singapore’s approach, warming could reach over 3°C and up to 4°C. This means Singapore’s climate commitments are definitely not up to requirements, following the former 2°C goal, let alone the Paris Agreement’s 1.
5°C limit. Hence, our Nation’s approach to address climate change is ineffective and incompetent.