This paper will detail a conceptualization and treatment plan within the Person-Centered Therapy modality with the client, Chuck Noland. The developer of this theory will be discussed along with his beliefs about the counseling process and human nature. The efficacy of Person-Centered Therapy will be discussed by using reports from previous researchers. The types of diagnoses that can benefit the most from Person-Centered Therapy will be reviewed. Any ethical or multicultural issues that could arise in Chuck’s counseling will be addressed. Chuck’s presenting problems will be presented and summarized. An intervention strategy that is congruent with person-Centered Therapy will be detailed and discussed. Included is a spiritual application that will discuss the compatibility and incompatibility of Christian beliefs within Person-Centered Therapy, although it is not religious in concept or ideas.
Person-Centered Study of Chuck Noland
A Conceptualization and Treatment Plan
Case Conceptualization of Person-Centered Therapy
Person-Centered Therapy will be the preferred modality to help Chuck Noland with his issues of depression, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), loneliness and anger issues. This particular therapeutic modality has been criticized and praised since being introduced by Carl Rogers. This modality will help Chuck overcome his problems and conditions and become a more positive thinking individual.
The American psychologist Carl Rogers (1902-1987) developed Person-Centered Therapy that is known for being non-directive and centered around the client. Rogers was born in Oak Park, Illinois and was raised in a Christian home. During childhood, Rogers had his struggles adapting socially but did have an active fantasy life and as a teen could have been diagnosed as suffering from schizophrenia (Feist, Feist, & Roberts, 2013). Rogers started his higher education at Union Theological Seminary with aspirations of becoming a minister but changed his desires to attend Columbia University and received a doctorate in education and clinical psychology.
During his presidential address of the American Psychological Association in 1946, Rogers presented the initial ideas and concepts of Person-Centered Therapy. Rogers later wrote books to explain the Person-Centered approach in greater detail. His writings also contained the research conducted to establish his technique. Rogers always believed and taught that a tentative attitude was needed when discussing and learning the Person-Centered Therapy technique.
Carl Rogers is considered one of the founders of Humanistic Psychology. Humanistic Psychology holds to the holistic approach and is commonly referred to as phenomenological. Jones and Butman (2011) added phenomenology believes that humans are moving toward the goal of health, perfection, goodness, and self-sufficiency. The main focus of the Person-Centered approach focus on how the client perceives and interprets events throughout their lives. The ability to exercise free will in decision making, known as self-determinism, is an important factor of Person-Centered Approach.
Natalie, Rogers’ daughter, followed after her dad and continued to promote and grow the therapy technique he father introduced and developed. Corey (2013) stated that Person Centered Therapy continues to impact the fields of counseling and psychotherapy in the 21st century. This technique is used around the world and is used in high numbers throughout Europe, South America, and the Far East. Universities in Britain place a high preference upon teaching this technique and Natalie has stated that the most in-depth training occurs in the United Kingdom (Corey, 2011). Person-Centered Therapy has been shown in research to not be as effective as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in head to head comparisons but the unique concept of the therapeutic relationship is seen in other therapeutic techniques (Granello ; Young, 2012).
Corey (2013) stated that studies have shown positive results in reducing anxiety disorders, depression, personality disorders, and interpersonal difficulties in individuals that receive Person-Centered Therapy. Person-Centered Therapy may not be best suited for individuals with addictions but research has shown that Motivational Interviewing, a technique within Person-Centered Therapy, was shown to have positive results (Murdock, 2012). Murdock (2012) also shared newer techniques within Person-Centered Therapy are showing to be helpful among individuals with severe levels of psychopathology.
This theory is appropriate for Chuck because of the core conditions. Chuck will learn how to develop solutions for depression, anxious distress, loneliness, anger issues, and how to handle his symptoms from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Chuck needs an individual to listen to him and not have someone only interested in solving his problems. Person-Centered Therapy will be the non-directive approach in which Chuck will talk freely about his problems and he will be guided to focus on the emotional and cognitive experiences of his disorder (Granello ; Young, 2012). Chuck will learn to discover and increase his awareness of self-regard through the technique of unconditional positive regard. The use of congruency from the therapist will lead Chuck to know that the therapist will not judge him for his actions or thoughts. Through the use of empathy from the therapist, Chuck will be able to build awareness and self-acceptance.
Person-Centered Therapy has shown to be effective in crisis situations by helping the clients form optimism and hope to overcome the obstacles faced in a crisis situation (Kanel, 2015).
Corey, G. (2013). Theory and practice of counseling (9th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Feist, J.. Feist. G.J., ; Roberts, T.A. (2013). Theories of personality. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Granello, D.H., ; Young, M.E. (2012). Counseling today: Foundations of professional identity. New YOurk, NY: Pearson Education.
Jones, S.L., ; Butman, R.E. (2011). Modernpsychotherapies:A comprehensive Christian appraisal (2nd ed.). Downers Grove, IL: Intervarsity Press.
Kanel, K. (2015). A guide to crisis interevntion (5th ed.). Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.
Murdock, N. (2013). Theories of counseling and psychotherapy: A case approach (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle Creek, NJ: Pearson.