Abstract— to the controller for further use.

Abstract— Agriculture serves to be the major occupation inIndia which contributes to maximum of our GDP .It thus becomes important tohave automated techniques for agricultural purposes. Measuring soilmoisture is important in agriculture to help farmers manage their irrigationsystems more efficiently.  Embeddedsystem for automatic irrigation of an agriculture field offers a potentialsolution to support site- specific irrigation management that allows producersto maximize their productivity while saving the water. Thus, thissystem may help to increase yields and the quality of the crop by bettermanagement of soil moisture during critical plant growth stages.

 I.  INTRODUCTION Wireless SensorNetworks (WSN) is intelligent sensor network which are deployed at desiredlocation to check the current value. WSN is a concept in which theenvironmental or physical conditions are monitored and this monitored data ispassed through wireless channel on a main location. WSN contains variouscomponents such as sensors, microcontrollers, electronic board and dataobtained from WSN is stored in the database which is further used in analyticprocess. WSN uses sensors to obtain theinput data from the environment.

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The obtained input or the sensed value iscompared with the preset threshold and then the desired action is taken.Comparison is done by the microcontroller. Microcontroller takes an actionthrough relays as a result of comparison. TheWSN system works as follows: ·       Sense the value using various available sensorsin the field.

·       Send the sensed values to the controller forfurther use.·       Controller takes the decision based on thecurrent sensed vales and acts through the actuators.            In past days farmers have been facing many issues.Crop yields are reduced due to inadequate supply of water. While on the otherhand, sometimes due to farmer’s ignorance or illiteracy fields are filled withexcess amount of water. This may result harmful for some of the crop types asthe fertilizers are drained away by dissolving in the excess water.

Also thereare cases where is poor crop yield and bad crop quality due to above mentionedfactors. Therefore, it became necessary to have a cost effectiveand time efficient system that can help to monitor and control the parametersrelated to soil moisture i.e.

the pump on/off. Since the system can workremotely it can prove to be time efficient because the end user i.e. farmer canperform the pump on/off using the android application. Facilities like pumphistory, pump status can also be checked using the android application. Thesystem can also help to save water or prevent water logging due to excessive waterflow. Different other functionalities like current marker values, FAQs are alsoprovided. Thus, this application may not only prove to be helpful but can alsohelp the farmer to interact with the outside world in order to retrieveinformation related to farming.

II. LITERATURE REVIEW 1)       Providing Smart Agricultural Solutions toFarmers for better yielding using IOT.This paperincludes the various technologies that can be used to automate the agriculturalsystem. The detailed study of each type of sensor for specific purposes isdescribed.

It includes current technologies like cloud computing for storingsensed values for further uses. It also includes fault detection and recoversmanagement. GPS co-ordinates are also saved .This can be then used for furtherpurposes.

The general flow about the network interfacing with the sensors toobtain the required parameters is also discussed. 1 2)    IOT Based smart agricultural monitoringsystem.This projectincludes various features like GPS based remote controlled monitoring, moistureand temperature sensing, intruders scaring, security, leaf wetness and properirrigation facilities. Various sensors are plotted in the field at differentlocations. The operations are performed by interfacing sensors, Wi-Fi, camera withmicrocontroller through internet services.

2 3)    Smart Agro System.This paper describes the implementation of smart Agriculture System usingof wireless sensor networks. Depending on the sensors sensed data is stored indatabase further actions are taken. Actions are taken using base station whichincludes arduino Uno with integrated GSM module. Base station allots actions todifferent sensor nodes.

Sensors sensed data is passed to the base station usingZigbee sensor. To interact with the system android application is provided tothe end user. Static sensors such as soil moisture sensor, pH scale sensor, Humiditysensor & temperature sensor are plotted in the field. 3 4)     Design And development of precision agriculturalsystem using wireless sensor networks.In this paper the theory behind the wireless sensor is discussed. Theneed along with the working about the wireless sensor network is discussed; theneed to develop the wireless network for the agriculture.

Using soil moisturesensor and temperature sensor, the sensed data is collected in centralprocessing unit for taking further actions.4 III. PROPOSED MODEL PC/APP: The user will have accessto the system through computer or Android Application. The user will login intothe app on successful registration. The user can check the moisture level ofthe field. The user can take appropriate steps according to the water leveli.e. switch on/off pump.

User will also be able to check current market rates,new pesticides, fertilizers and research.CLIENT: The client will collectthe moisture data from the field and will also notify the user through SMSusing GSM.SERVER: The Server willauthenticate the user; keep the record of user activity and history of pumpaction.  Figure I: Proposed System IV. SYSTEM OVERVIEW When new users logins into the system first he has to register first.Login is provided to him after he                             uploads hisinformation. Using his username he can login into the system and use theservices. After the user logins into the system he can see pump history, setaction of the pump i.

e. either pump on/off. He can also view current marketrates. Support is also provided to them in case of any queries that can besolved by administration module. The overall system can be divided into threemodules: Client module, Server module, end user module (app/pc).  1)  MODULE SPLITUP a)      Client ModuleTheclient module senses the moisture using the sensor and ends the data to theserver module. Client module acts as the intermediate between the external environmentand the system and plays vital role in transferring the data.

It uses the GSM.It also sends the message to the farmer by comparing the threshold and thecurrent value so that the farmer can take appropriate action depending on hisneeds. b)    Server ModuleThe data sensed by the client module acts as aninput to server module and the data is updated at regular time intervals. It usesMySQL, Apache server. This module is also referred to as administration modulebecause all the managing rights exist with this module.

It includesfunctionalities like registration, modification, authorization, deletion etc c)     Farmer ModuleFarmer Moduleis controlled by end user like farmer to reads current agriculturalinformation related his field and performs any appropriate action for the fieldManagement like making his motor ON/OFF. This module is deployed by using anAndroid Application. This module provides functionalities like updates, FAQs,current market rates, research activities, current market trends etc.                                Figure II: System Architecture                                                                                                      2)     SYSTEM FEATURES a)      Cost EffectiveThe overall system can prove to be cost effective since the farmer hasto pay fewer amounts and he can have more effective services on one click.Other than services he can also have updates to the current market schemes. b)    Timeefficient The system can prove to be time efficientbecause the time required by the farmer to travel to the farm can be saved thusproving to time efficient. c)      RemotemonitoringThe farmer canmonitor his parameters using the android application. He need not to travel tothe place so the system can prove to be efficient .

Since the interfacingbetween the external and internal environment is done by androidapplication therefore, system proves to be efficient and less time consuming. d)    Less water wastageMany times too much water is wasted due to the improper time managementfor the pump on/off. Therefore, the paper may prove to be solution for properwater management since water is the most important and essential integrity notonly for the agriculture but also to make the living.

                                      Figure III: System Flow Diagram     V. CONCLUSION In this paper farmercan monitor and control his farm remotely using the android application. Thesystem can be integrated to check the moisture level of soil by analyzing thecollected data of the farm. He also can take specific actions like on/off waterpump depending on his requirements without actually visiting the farm. Thus,the system proves to be cost effective and time efficient. VI.

FUTURE WORK Using differenttechnologies and devices the system can be converted into drone where it canprove useful and there is no need to fix the sensors at desired location. Thisthe system can prove to be cost effective and not location oriented. Analysiscan also be carried out on the collected data. Video conferencing can also beimplemented.Abstract— Agriculture serves to be the major occupation inIndia which contributes to maximum of our GDP .

It thus becomes important tohave automated techniques for agricultural purposes. Measuring soilmoisture is important in agriculture to help farmers manage their irrigationsystems more efficiently.  Embeddedsystem for automatic irrigation of an agriculture field offers a potentialsolution to support site- specific irrigation management that allows producersto maximize their productivity while saving the water. Thus, thissystem may help to increase yields and the quality of the crop by bettermanagement of soil moisture during critical plant growth stages. I.  INTRODUCTION Wireless SensorNetworks (WSN) is intelligent sensor network which are deployed at desiredlocation to check the current value. WSN is a concept in which theenvironmental or physical conditions are monitored and this monitored data ispassed through wireless channel on a main location. WSN contains variouscomponents such as sensors, microcontrollers, electronic board and dataobtained from WSN is stored in the database which is further used in analyticprocess.

WSN uses sensors to obtain theinput data from the environment. The obtained input or the sensed value iscompared with the preset threshold and then the desired action is taken.Comparison is done by the microcontroller.

Microcontroller takes an actionthrough relays as a result of comparison. TheWSN system works as follows: ·       Sense the value using various available sensorsin the field.·       Send the sensed values to the controller forfurther use.

·       Controller takes the decision based on thecurrent sensed vales and acts through the actuators.            In past days farmers have been facing many issues.Crop yields are reduced due to inadequate supply of water. While on the otherhand, sometimes due to farmer’s ignorance or illiteracy fields are filled withexcess amount of water. This may result harmful for some of the crop types asthe fertilizers are drained away by dissolving in the excess water. Also thereare cases where is poor crop yield and bad crop quality due to above mentionedfactors.

 Therefore, it became necessary to have a cost effectiveand time efficient system that can help to monitor and control the parametersrelated to soil moisture i.e. the pump on/off.

Since the system can workremotely it can prove to be time efficient because the end user i.e. farmer canperform the pump on/off using the android application. Facilities like pumphistory, pump status can also be checked using the android application. Thesystem can also help to save water or prevent water logging due to excessive waterflow. Different other functionalities like current marker values, FAQs are alsoprovided. Thus, this application may not only prove to be helpful but can alsohelp the farmer to interact with the outside world in order to retrieveinformation related to farming.

II. LITERATURE REVIEW 1)       Providing Smart Agricultural Solutions toFarmers for better yielding using IOT.This paperincludes the various technologies that can be used to automate the agriculturalsystem. The detailed study of each type of sensor for specific purposes isdescribed. It includes current technologies like cloud computing for storingsensed values for further uses. It also includes fault detection and recoversmanagement.

GPS co-ordinates are also saved .This can be then used for furtherpurposes. The general flow about the network interfacing with the sensors toobtain the required parameters is also discussed. 1 2)    IOT Based smart agricultural monitoringsystem.This projectincludes various features like GPS based remote controlled monitoring, moistureand temperature sensing, intruders scaring, security, leaf wetness and properirrigation facilities. Various sensors are plotted in the field at differentlocations. The operations are performed by interfacing sensors, Wi-Fi, camera withmicrocontroller through internet services. 2 3)    Smart Agro System.

This paper describes the implementation of smart Agriculture System usingof wireless sensor networks. Depending on the sensors sensed data is stored indatabase further actions are taken. Actions are taken using base station whichincludes arduino Uno with integrated GSM module. Base station allots actions todifferent sensor nodes. Sensors sensed data is passed to the base station usingZigbee sensor. To interact with the system android application is provided tothe end user. Static sensors such as soil moisture sensor, pH scale sensor, Humiditysensor & temperature sensor are plotted in the field.

3 4)     Design And development of precision agriculturalsystem using wireless sensor networks.In this paper the theory behind the wireless sensor is discussed. Theneed along with the working about the wireless sensor network is discussed; theneed to develop the wireless network for the agriculture. Using soil moisturesensor and temperature sensor, the sensed data is collected in centralprocessing unit for taking further actions.4 III.

PROPOSED MODEL PC/APP: The user will have accessto the system through computer or Android Application. The user will login intothe app on successful registration. The user can check the moisture level ofthe field. The user can take appropriate steps according to the water leveli.

e. switch on/off pump. User will also be able to check current market rates,new pesticides, fertilizers and research.CLIENT: The client will collectthe moisture data from the field and will also notify the user through SMSusing GSM.SERVER: The Server willauthenticate the user; keep the record of user activity and history of pumpaction.  Figure I: Proposed System IV. SYSTEM OVERVIEW When new users logins into the system first he has to register first.

Login is provided to him after he                             uploads hisinformation. Using his username he can login into the system and use theservices. After the user logins into the system he can see pump history, setaction of the pump i.e. either pump on/off. He can also view current marketrates. Support is also provided to them in case of any queries that can besolved by administration module. The overall system can be divided into threemodules: Client module, Server module, end user module (app/pc).

 1)  MODULE SPLITUP a)      Client ModuleTheclient module senses the moisture using the sensor and ends the data to theserver module. Client module acts as the intermediate between the external environmentand the system and plays vital role in transferring the data. It uses the GSM.It also sends the message to the farmer by comparing the threshold and thecurrent value so that the farmer can take appropriate action depending on hisneeds. b)    Server ModuleThe data sensed by the client module acts as aninput to server module and the data is updated at regular time intervals. It usesMySQL, Apache server. This module is also referred to as administration modulebecause all the managing rights exist with this module.

It includesfunctionalities like registration, modification, authorization, deletion etc c)     Farmer ModuleFarmer Moduleis controlled by end user like farmer to reads current agriculturalinformation related his field and performs any appropriate action for the fieldManagement like making his motor ON/OFF. This module is deployed by using anAndroid Application. This module provides functionalities like updates, FAQs,current market rates, research activities, current market trends etc.

                               Figure II: System Architecture                                                                                                      2)     SYSTEM FEATURES a)      Cost EffectiveThe overall system can prove to be cost effective since the farmer hasto pay fewer amounts and he can have more effective services on one click.Other than services he can also have updates to the current market schemes. b)    Timeefficient The system can prove to be time efficientbecause the time required by the farmer to travel to the farm can be saved thusproving to time efficient. c)      RemotemonitoringThe farmer canmonitor his parameters using the android application. He need not to travel tothe place so the system can prove to be efficient .Since the interfacingbetween the external and internal environment is done by androidapplication therefore, system proves to be efficient and less time consuming. d)    Less water wastageMany times too much water is wasted due to the improper time managementfor the pump on/off.

Therefore, the paper may prove to be solution for properwater management since water is the most important and essential integrity notonly for the agriculture but also to make the living.                                      Figure III: System Flow Diagram     V. CONCLUSION In this paper farmercan monitor and control his farm remotely using the android application. Thesystem can be integrated to check the moisture level of soil by analyzing thecollected data of the farm. He also can take specific actions like on/off waterpump depending on his requirements without actually visiting the farm. Thus,the system proves to be cost effective and time efficient.

 VI. FUTURE WORK Using differenttechnologies and devices the system can be converted into drone where it canprove useful and there is no need to fix the sensors at desired location. Thisthe system can prove to be cost effective and not location oriented. Analysiscan also be carried out on the collected data. Video conferencing can also beimplemented.

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