Abstract: against women take an ugly turn

Abstract: Gender based violence streamed from theinequality between men and women, which have led to certain oppression andviolence against women. “Women are forced into a subordinate position comparedwith men” (DEVAW). Women and girls who are subjected to violence are mostlydepressing, hopeless and feel worthless all the time, and that they think theydo not have control over their own lives and bodies. This has directconsequences with respect to their health, employment and participation insocial and political life (Kelly 2005).

Violence against women take an ugly turnwhen women suffer in the four walls of their home,  Domestic violence has become an incurablediseases which has spread to every corner of the world, the virus has becomethe powerful silent killer which has claim millions of women’s lives all acrossthe globe, In fact no society, religion, class and caste can claim to be freefrom the diseases of domestic violence. It causes Women to live in fear,trauma, and pain, and rob away the basic human right to live with liberty anddignity. The victims suffer silently and are powerless to fight back, Thispowerlessness is cause due to the “dominant-submissive” axis in interpersonalrelationship, where  the victims entirelydependent her life  at the mercy of herhusband and in laws, and the oppressor become more dominant displaying hiscontrolling power over the weaker section of his family, his wife and hischildren. In the21st century India, women are still treated as second classcitizen and their basic rights has been violate everyday  even with the steps taken by the governmentto improve the condition but women still suffer a lot, because  their oppressor is none  but someone close to them.

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In NE states of India where majority of the populationare tribal, women experiences more freedom compares to women in other parts ofthe country. But despite enjoying their free movement, crime against women ison the rise and one out of four women in NE experience domestic violence intheir lifetime.  Keywords : Women,status, domestic violence.

Introduction :The treatment of inequalitybetween men and women is the root cause of various problems in the society.Though there are massive changes in the participation of women in banking,hospitality, educational institutions, and other sectors. Constitutionally menand women are equal yet the grim reality is that women are still treated asinferior to men. In various society women have no right to  property, no right over her children andcannot take part in any decision making, inside the family or in the society. In most of the cases they are subjected tocruelty and ill treatment in the hand of someone close to them. The case ofcruelly treatment against women is higher among the poor and illiterate, ashumbly they accept their fate as part of the tradition and custom that womenshould be submissive to their husbands. The problem of domestic violence remainundetected and under reported as women should preserve the dignity of herfamily by silently bearing the pain, and force into subordination, punishmentand sense of powerlessness.Violence against women isextremely common and it is one of the most widespread violation of human rights(Kaur 2001) and its taking place everywhere, in the workplace, in the streetand at home, which is supposed to be the most safest place.

Intimate partnerviolence against women causes significant and adverse mental and physicalhealth effects ~Campbell, 2002; Walton-Moss, Manganello, Frye, & Campbell,2005! and is a major public health and social problem ~Epstein, 1999!. Reducingthe occurrence of intimate partner violence against women is a priority for thetwo major systems of formal social control and assistance in the United States,the criminal legal and health care systems. However, the majority of women whoexperience intimate partner violence do not report it to the police ~Bachmanand Coker, 1995!.In 2002, the Council of Europeadopted a definition of violence against women and in particular domesticviolence, similar to that used in the United Nations Assembly Declaration onthe Elimination of Violence against Women3 in 1993. Violence against Women isdefined as follows:- ….

“any act of gender-based violence,which results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychologicalharm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts,coercion, orarbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life.This includes,… violence occurring in the family or domestic unit, …physicaland mental aggression, emotional and psychological abuse, rape and sexualabuse, incest, rape between spouses, regular or occasional partners andcohabitants, crimes committed in the name of honor, female genital and sexualmutilation and other traditional practices harmful to women, such as forcedmarriages”.Domestic violence:The term “domestic” refers to thefamily home where such violence is perpetrated against women.

Violence againstwomen in the home is especially dangerous because while the home is said to bethe safest palace for men, the home can be the least safe place for women(Edwards, 1989). Violence against women in their home is a unique phenomenon inthe world of violence and only in a prison or similar institution would anindividual be likely to encounter such persistent abuse or violence (Dobash& Dobash, 1992).Physical injury, mental healthproblems, and complications of pregnancy are some of the health conse quencesthat result from violence inflicted on women by their male partners or formerpartners. Because domestic violence is common, serious, and often notidentified, a recent British government publication recWomen and children are often ingreat danger in the place where they should be safest: within their families.For many, ‘home’ is where they face a regime of terror and violence at thehands of somebody close to them – somebody they should be able to trust.

Thosevictimized suffer physically and psychologically. They are unable to make theirown decisions, voice their own opinions or protect themselves and theirchildren for fear of further repercussions. Their human rights are denied andtheir lives are stolen from them by the ever-present threat of violence.The main similarity that can befound between domestic violence and terrorism regards the psychologicalmechanisms triggered by these human rights violations, both using intimidationin order to make the victim act in a certain way. Therefore, after making thevictim acknowledge that a pattern of violence would follow if she does notbehave in the way preferred by the perpetrator, the violence is not neededanymore, only in order to maintain the victim’s state of mind. This makes thesubject of the abuse live in a state of continuous fear of the aggressor, whichusually leads to even more pathological consequences than the physical abuseitself.

In the case of domestic violence, the female victims sometimes altertheir behavior so much (refraining from wearing certain clothes, developingcertain activities – such as leaving their jobs, having a social life, etc)that in the end they finish by self – depriving themselves almost completely oftheir personal liberty through this fear-modeled comportment. Because of the samepsychological mechanism, the abused children risk of ending up without beingable to assert their own will in front of others or develop a normalindependent personality.Violence against women and girlsis a problem of pandemic proportions. Worldwide, an estimated one in five womenwill be a victim of rape or attempted rape in her lifetime. One in three willhave been beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused, usually by a familymember or an acquaintance. The perpetrators – more often than not – gounpunished. Each year, violence kills and disables as many women between theages of 15 and 44 as cancer does.

And its toll on women’s health surpasses thatof traffic accidents and malaria combined ( UNFPA 2005).Types of domestic violence: Domestic violence includes physicalabuse  like kicking, slapping ,hairpulling against another person or the use of force which cause serious injuryeven death. Verbal abuse like name calling, insulting, yelling, mocking,constant harassment making the  victimsto feel worthless, excessive possessiveness and threatening.  Sexual abuse which can be marital rape, anyacts of forcing to participate in unwanted, unsafe or degrading sex and forcingto watch pornography. Economic or financial abuse includes withholding physicalresources such as money, clothes, food or shelter. Preventing the partner forhaving any occupations and exploiting the partner financially.

Domestic  violence includes the controlling behaviorand stalking  against the victim, whichin many cases men controlling and stalking their partnersStatus of women in North East: The northeastern states ofIndia comprises of the state of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur ,Meghalaya,Mizoram , Nagaland , Sikkim and Tripura. The region is rich in cultures, customand traditions, majority of population residing in the region are tribalcommunities, which speaks different languages and have different customary lawand belief. The status of women in NE is comparatively better than women ofmain stream or other communities in the country; they enjoy greater mobilityand visibility in the society. The absence of Sati, female infanticide, bride burning,purdah, etc indicate the high status of women in the region. To say that theyare different from their counterpart elsewhere is true, but that does not meanthat they are better, measuring their situation with the yardstick of genderequality women of northeast are still lagging behind. Since women and girls arestill , suffering from ill- health , poverty , school dropout  and domestic violence, they have no decisionmaking power and their rights are violate every day. Data source and methodology:  The paper is based mainly onsecondary data sources, studies being conducted by eminent persons; it was alsobased on the information collected through various journals, articles andreports from the government and various organizations Review of related literature:Leela Visaria (1999) Some of theworse forms of violence has been reported by Visaria in her study (1999), forinstance, beating with sticks or iron rod, knives, utensils, blades and ladles,throwing women against objects or bashing their heads against the walls. Some ofthe women who had become victim of this form of violence indicated that injury,and they would be too ashamed to talk about it to others.

A couple of womenalso hinted that men know that their wives cannot report such punishment evento their own parents or seek medical treatment due to a sense of shame. Some ofthe reasons given by women, in the survey done by Visaria is, meals not servedproperly, economic constraints, financial matters, men wasting money at teastalls, drinking of alcohol, men feeling that women are paying less attentionto the children and vis-à-vis, men feel women have a lot of free time and soon.UNICEF (2000) “Violence againstwomen and girls continues to be a global epidemic that kills, tortures,andmaims – physically, psychologically, sexually and economically. It is one ofthe most pervasive of human rights violations, denying women and girlsequality, security, dignity, self-worth, and their right to enjoy fundamentalfreedoms.

” While reliable statistics are hard to come by, studies estimatethat, from country to country, between 20 and 50 per cent of women haveexperienced physical violence at the hands of an intimate partner or familymember.UNO(2013) The global statisticsshow: between 13% and 61% of women 15–49 years old report that an intimatepartner has physically abused them at least once in their lifetime between 6%and 59% of women report forced sexual intercourse, or an attempt at it, by anintimate partner in their lifetime from 1% to 28% of women report they were physicallyabused during pregnancy, by an intimate partnerMs. R. Kalaiyarasi (2015)Inrecent years there has been an alarming increase in atrocities and violenceagainst women in the country. It is estimated that the growth rate of crimeagainst women would be higher than the population growth rate by 2010, behindclosed doors of homes all across our country, women are being tortured, beatenand killed. It is happening in rural areas, towns, cities and in metropolitansas well.Domestic violence in NE:Domestic violence has become oneof the commonest form of violence against women, a terror which caused bysomeone who is very close to a woman, her husband or an intimate male partneror other family member of the in-laws.

women became the easy victim of dv  and the problem lies hidden within the closeddoors where women silently bears the pain, A study conducted in Imphal revealedthat 53.6% of  women faced violence intheir married life,82% of the crime were committed by husbands and 27% by in-laws.The study shows that 78% is emotional or verbal violence followed by 48% ofphysical violence. A   study which a was conducted among the Tanitribe and Nyishi women   in Arunachal Pradesh shows that domesticviolence is much prevalent among the tribes, analysis from  various case studies shows the maincause  of domestic violence among otherfactors that contribute to the problem is the extra marital affairs of thehusbands and socio economics background which often resulted in the physical,emotional and economic abuse among the women.

 Various   casestudy which has been conducted in the some parts of   Assamwitnessed the problem which faced by women in this area, most of the women inthis area bears the mental and physical torture at the hands of the husbands andin-laws because of insecurity and having nowhere to go, lack of financialsupport and certain form of economic abuse add to the problem of domesticviolence. Young women are vulnerable to physical abuse whereas upper age groupwomen are likely to be abused emotionally.Women in Nagaland, Mizoram andSikkim were reported to suffer domestic violence. The problem perceived inthese areas are just a tip of the iceberg, where there are only few numbers ofthe cases reported and the rest are lying undetected. The Gender StatisticsNagaland 2016 reported that crime against women in the state is increasingwhich included molestation, rape, abuse and domestic violence.

Data collectedby the National Family Health Survey in Mizoram shows an average 22 percent ofwives in Mizoram suffered at the hand s of their husbands, while the nationalaverage was 37 percent. Lalthansangi, Counselor of the Centre for Peace andDevelopment says a high percentage of domestic violence perpetrated by husbandsagainst wives are physical violence, and all categories of domestic violenceare inter-related, and the victims are from different section of societyincluding the poor, middle class and government employees, she further addedthat many women do not report cases of physical violence by their husbands fornot being aware of the law against domestic violence.In Meghalaya where lineage istrace from the female line and women are earning respect equally to their male counterpart  in the society, still a large number ofwomen  are subjected to various issues ofcruel treatment. The Youth voices of human rights organization has conducted asurvey and reported that almost 50 percent of the women in the capital itselfare victims of domestic violence.In Tripura the case of domesticviolence is another crime against women which top the list, The TripuraCommission for Women report clarify that largest share of the case registeredis cruelty by husbands and in-laws. “The rate shows that women are muchinsecure in their home amidst their relative than outside” added the chairperson of the Commission.State wise crueltyby husbands and relatives during 2015-16 among the Northeastern States.

    Sl.No     States Crime against women Cruelty by husbands and relatives 2015 2016 2015 2016 1 Assam 23365 20869 11225 9321 2 Arunachal Pradesh 384 367 66 51 3 Mizoram 158 120 09 19 4 Meghalaya 337 372 44 26 5 Manipur 266 253 39 31 6 Nagaland 91 105 04 03 7 Sikkim  53 153 02 02 8 Tripura 1267 1013 501 430  Conclusion:Women contribute a lot for the betterment of the society and nation;they should not be treated as inferior to man. Women have the same ability  and qualities as men possesses. They cancontribute enormously in the field of education and health care because mothersare always the best tutor and caretaker. Giving them the chance to participatebeyond their circles will enhance the benefit for the society and the country.Prior check on crime against women should become the main issue of everycommunity in the country.

Domestic violence not only paralyses the regularliving of the victim but has an adverse effect on the children as well. Thecountry cannot move forward if half of its population is under coercion.Bibliography:        i.           Violence against women – An emerging healthissue in NEIndia(Sept-Oct.2016),ISSN(0):2395-2882;ISSN(P):2395-2114.Rajkumar.

B,Rakumari.BS,KeishemA.      ii.           Socio-economic status of women in NortheastIndia: Causes and consequences of Domestic violence against women in Assam:Case analysis. Shiv Shakti International Journal in Multidisciplinary andAcademic Research Vol.3,No.

2, (March-April 2014) (ISSN 2278-5973)     iii.           UNICEF INNOCENTI DIGEST No.6 – June 2000Domestic Violence against Women And Girls    iv.           WHO (2013). Responding to intimate partnerviolence and sexual violence against women.      v.

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scribd.com/document/53119868/violence          xiii.            https://www.importantindia.com         xiv.

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