A many years ago, obesity was a mark of wealth and leisure everywhere including the United States. Childhood obesity has become a global public health crisis, the article, “The global childhood obesity epidemic and the association between socio-economic status and childhood obesity”, suggest that the prevalence and time trends of childhood obesity worldwide, is associated between childhood obesity and socio- economic statues (SES). Obesity showed that individuals could afford to eat what they wanted and manage to pay others to work for them. The statues of obesity have transformed greatly, with the problem of obesity tumbling excessively on the deprived.
There is an influential relation between socioeconomic status and obesity in the established world, particularly amongst folks of color. Childhood overweightness has developed into a major problem in our culture. Not only does it affect one’s childhood, but it also impacts one’s adult life. It is significant to be conscious of what classes of health difficulties obesity bring to us.
Illnesses like sleep problems, heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and cancer can all be associated with obesity. There are at least two possible reasons for the relation between obesity and social economic statues, one would be socioeconomic status impacts obesity or obesity impacts socioeconomic status, its one or the other. There are numerous ways of calculating SES, some are by comparing professional status, the amount of family salary, and parental education. Studies have shown that SES is related to an extensive assortment of socioemotional outcomes, cognitive, health in kids, with effects starting prior to birth and continuing into adulthood. There is a worry that many low SES families lack access to those same involvements and resources, thus putting them at risk for developmental problems (Brooks-Gunn & Duncan 1997).
One of the main questions that surrounds youth obesity is junk food. What part do parents play in this matter? Is fast food really the main cause of childhood obesity? Who is the one to blame? There are a few key-points, that will be discussed later in this paper. It is very significant to look at this subject in a fair viewpoint. The factors that play a role in the advancement of obesity has not been completely documented but it is understood to be a disorder with countless reasons.
Environmental influences include, cultural background and lifestyle preferences are important roles in the rising generality of obesity worldwide. Nevertheless, childhood obesity also has connection to low-income families and culture. It is essential to look at the connection among childhood obesity and fast food chains to understand the real issues behind this serious health and social problem. According to the article obesity is accountable for two to eight percent of health costs and ten to thirteen percent of deaths in parts of Europe. It is also likely worsened in the United States, increasing to seventeen percent (Wagner, Bastos, Navarro, Gonzalez, Boing 2012). The Reasons for the prevalence of obesity in low socioeconomic classes include, less relaxation time, tight food funds, lack of security, and the deficiency of convenient grocery stores.
Low and middle-income neighborhoods have fewer resources to do physical activity. Also, children in low income neighborhoods are less likely to be physically active because the residential area may be unsafe. Also, food insecurity may overcome a poor individual and they may overcompensate by overeating. People who eat excessively are assumed to be obese, even if the overconsumption of food is not done every day. It is believed that those who are poor only do two things, eat and survive.
Low income families do not have the incomes to plan a healthy life style or have the information to design effectively. The article also mentioned that low social economic statues groups in developed nations and high social economic statues groups in developing countries are at a higher risk of being overweight, for example, current research presented that the occurrence of obesity increased among children from less wealthy I want to address the issue of how socioeconomic status affects rates of obesity among children(Wagner, Bastos, Navarro, Gonzalez, Boing 2012). What would have more of an impact on obesity rates having excess money or not having enough money? According to the authors their studies indicate that only looking at changes in the prevalence of obesity make it difficult to capture all the causes for the increase in overweight individuals. Families that are classified as lower income would not be able to have enough money for their kids to participate in extra-curricular activities. This is another reason for the prevalence of obesity. Not having enough money how the lack of money can lead poor children to become overweight if we were to compare them to higher-income families that can pay for their children to enroll in extra-curricular activities.
In the discussion the authors mentioned that in 2010, forty-three million children were overweight, and ninety two million were in danger of being diagnosed obese, the total occurrence of childhood obesity increased from four percent in 1990 to six-point seven percent in 2010(Wagner, Bastos, Navarro, Gonzalez, Boing 2012). This means that low income neighborhoods low-income neighborhoods, for the past twenty years have not included many recreation amenities or if they do have these facilities available the expenses may come from transportation and joining the facility which makes it difficult on lower-income families. Sadly, the article does not argue that poverty is strongly related to obesity, that poor families cannot afford to enroll their children in sports programs which contributes to obesity. Yes, there are replacements poorer families can do sit-ups, or go for a jog at in instead of joining sports programs. In addition, the article only links how poverty is related to obesity.
In my opinion, the article should also speak on how the wealthy or high-income families are related to obesity. According to the article, social economic statues affect one’s lifestyle, as well as access to nourishment and physical activity, and consequently, impacts one’s energy balance (Wagner, Bastos, Navarro, Gonzalez, Boing 2012). Being able to obtain healthier resources, permits one to discover better options, sadly for low socioeconomic kids’ choices are limited. As stated before children from a poor background do not have the money to shop for healthier more expensive diets. Obesity has many short- and long-term financial and health costs for families, society and individuals (Wagner, Bastos, Navarro, Gonzalez, Boing 2012). Socioeconomic status is well-defined by one’s salary, schooling, profession, and includes the social statues of a family or individual. This may lead many people, in a low socioeconomic status, to adapt to unhealthy eating habits.
Children that live in the United States, in a low socioeconomic routine are the victims of unhealthy eating and the obesity epidemic. The problems that our health care system faced with socioeconomic status and childhood obesity, has been a part of an ongoing debate that has presented many arguments on the lack of funding and environment they must deal with, what we do about it, and how do we move forward for the future. According to “The association between obesity, depression, and educational attainment in women: The mediating role of body image dissatisfaction”, it has been investigated that having the absence of school funds for healthier food menus, and local food stores that do not sell healthy foods, this can result in both the parent and child not having better choices for their food consumption. The association among overweightness and socioeconomic status has many critical and public health policy implications, mainly for the management and prevention of obesity.
To match the increasing obesity problem, the stoppage of childhood obesity should be a priority, and more actions must take care of lower classes and minorities. According to “The role of socioeconomic status gradients in explaining differences in US adolescents’ health”, low socioeconomic status can lead to psychosocial stress that promotes abdominal obesity through psych neuroendocrinological pathways (Goodman 1999). Also, a lack of education and low income is to be greatly related with obesity. “Both socioeconomic settings and educational status may be related with poor health” (Gavin, Simon, Ludman2010). I understand that kids with a low level of schooling, for example a high school diploma, are less expected to be knowledgeable on health, compared to a “sophisticated student”, for example a university degree.
Children that are from a low-income family may not be able to go to a post-secondary school, due to their poor financial statues. Since, children from a low socioeconomic community mostly receive a low-quality education, they are more likely to have a unhealthy diet because they are not conscious of the hazards. Furthermore, it is also reported that the occurrence of obesity lean towards lower socioeconomic groups as the nation’s gross national creation increases, according to “The role of socioeconomic status gradients in explaining differences in US adolescents’ health”, the weight of obesity is shifting toward the poor from the rich (Goodman 1999). It has also been discussed that overweight persons are accountable for being large, and that weight gain or loss is in the individual the control. Some argue that overweightness is linked with low self-control and laziness, also the individual oversees all the calories consumed and the time spent working out. Due to these types of discussion, healthcare insurance turns out to be unreachable for persons of low SES.
People who agreed that overweight persons are accountable for being large, would agree that the risk factors of overweightness for lower class families is related to the idea of inheritance. It is known that individuals have different metabolisms, body size, and figures, these factors are are not completely within a person’s control, with that statement being made an inconsistency in the argument of obesity being the individual’s fault since it is known that persons vary in their hereditary weakness to obesity (Pavela, Lewis, Locher, Allison, 2016). This awareness is confirmed by studies which presented that black women had a more lesser hazard of heart disease and auspicious lipid profile than white women irrespective of their weight (Gavin, Simon, Ludman2010). It is true that persons are born with a certain body type that is hereditary from the mother and father.
If overweightness is classified as an illness, many benefits would arise particularly for poor families, for example insurance coverage, and easier access to health care would be given to individuals suffering with weight a diet problem, also the support of new diet medication would come about. Sadly, if coverage corporations are required to assist people’s efforts to decrease their weight, this might rise the already expensive price of health insurance in the United States and make it hard for residents of low SES. The reason being, health insurance is paid by citizens the burden will also be carried by the count and not just the individual who is experiencing these expenses. If obesity is classified as an illness, then where is the line drawn? Would it be drawn between overweightness and average overweightness? It is also believed that if the insurance companies had to go against obesity, the health system would collapse.
The United States is in hundred billion dollars of depth and it is expected to get worse, so a demand for insurance coverage for the rising obesity problem could possibly ruin the brittle healthcare system.Overweightness has many financial and health consequences to persons, families and civilization (Wagner, Bastos, Navarro, Gonzalez, Boing 2012). A deprived diet can have consequences like excess weight, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and heart disease. As time goes on many of these illnesses/ problems will rise in if they are not addressed or cared for.
Currently the obesity problem is huge, and will continue to get worse in the future, according to the article in 2010 ninety- two million were at risk of overweight and forty-three million children were overweight; the worldwide occurrence of juvenile overweightness increased from four point two in 1990 to six-point seven percent in 2010 (Wagner, Bastos, Navarro, Gonzalez, Boing 2012). With an increase in overweightness the United States saw a rise in all associated illnesses. For example, diabetes is seen affecting younger and younger children. Obesity effects range from minor to major consequences like pain in your back and joint pain to life-threatening situations. Obesity can make it difficult for persons to move around.
Obesity reduces mobility causing individuals to feel out of breath and tired, due to the buildup of fat in the neck, upper body and related areas of the body. This constant feeling of shallow breathing and exhaustion leads to the deficiency of movement and physical activity. Individuals who are overweight usually have higher risks of heart attack and common chest pains.
Congestive heart failure is also common for obese individuals (Brooks-Gunn, Klebanov, Liaw 1995). Also, it is common for overweight persons to have hypertension in comparison to individuals who maintain a fit body weight. Overweightness has also been linked to persons having an increased risk of certain cancers. For example, cancers of the prostrate, kidney, colon, gall bladder and uterus, among others; also, obese females are more prone to breast cancers (Brooks-Gunn, Klebanov, Liaw 1995). Overweightness is also greatly related to arthritis and joint pain. It is common for obese men and women to have osteoarthritis. The association among overweightness and death has remained less conclusive, but current investigation has recognized a stronger connotation than past years.
Obesity limits physical activity, depriving persons of the benefits of exercise causing the progress of boundaries in activities of daily living, for instance going shopping, getting out of bed, or climbing stairs.Prevention of childhood obesity should be of high nationwide importance. According to the article, the growth of new local and nationwide plans along with effective population-based involvement programs for the organization and prevention of overweightness in kids and teenagers are vital to contest the rising prevalent of obesity and associated illnesses around the world (Wagner, Bastos, Navarro, Gonzalez, Boing 2012). Resolutions for low SES, overweightness, and health insurance must be of great importance for success. For example, better food menus for schools, and providing a physical educator would be of great help, it is also significant that teachers offer good diet plans that fits the needs of the students (Ebbeling, 2002).
Improving equality in health care by recording health disparities, classifying problems, calling for action, and creating policies for better ethics in the health care systems. The reasons for childhood overweightness may seem simple enough, like the lack of education, physical activity, and diet, and although the causes are simple the solution may not be as easy. But education needs to begin at home so that children can make healthy choices on their own. It is necessary to continue investigating what has caused the rise in obesity in children, so that we can find new ways to prevent and combat obesity. Some ways to prevent childhood obesity can include scheduling yearly doctor visits for your children, setting good examples, avoiding any food struggles your child may have, and parents knowing that they play the key role in avoiding such a serious health concern. Childhood overweightness is a serious public threat in many evolving and developed nations, sadly the problem continues to grow; this widespread situation demands sensible and effective population-based methods to combat the challenges (Wagner, Bastos, Navarro, Gonzalez, Boing 2012).
Today we challenge a bad healthcare system and childhood obesity, even if this something communities’ tackles or the government has help us tackle. It is obvious that there is a complex association among obesity and poverty, it is also observed that there a reverse relation between obesity and SES in the world. To continue to understand obesity and how it is impacts persons, the properties of social and environmental conditions on individual patterns must be observed cross-culturally. Past research has shown the importance of relating nutrition consumption with social and financial influences, through this research we can count on a new direction that could focus on socioeconomics and how it is directly tied to illness outcomes such as obesity. The real key to prevention is education, we are aware that it is cheap and convenient to eat unhealthy food.
The issue is that parents are not as informed as they should be about quantity sizes and overindulging. But, until the deprived are educated and healthy alternatives are request, businesses will continue to sell high fat, high calorie products. Also, children are not getting enough physical activities. The world needs to make efforts to halt the prevalence of obesity now or societies will pay the price in the future.