A few numbers of major ethical principles should be consider when conducting a research study.
Theseethical principles stress on the need of beneficence and do no harm or non-malfeasance.In research guidelines, these ethical principles mean that as a researcher, youneed to: (1)minimize risk of harm to the participants (2) obtain informed consent frompotential research participants (3) protecttheir anonymity and confidentiality (4)avoid using deceptive practices (5) giveparticipants the right to withdraw from the research 1) MINIMISINGTHE RISK OF HARMResearch study should not harm the participants. The possibility that participantscould be harmed in a discomfort condition, there must be strong justificationsto talks about this issues. Such conditions will require an additionalplanning to illustrate how discomfort condition will be handled.2) OBTAINING INFORMEDCONSENTInformed consent means that participantshave to understand that they are involved in the research and whatthe research requires from them. The information may include the purpose of theresearch, the method being used, the possible outcomes of the research, as wellas associated demands, discomforts, inconveniences and the risks that theparticipants may be face.
Another component of informed consent, the participants should be volunteers taking part without have been forced and deceived.3) PROTECTING ANONYMITY AND CONFIDENTIALITYProtecting the anonymity and confidentiality ofresearch participants is practical component in the research ethics. Participantsusually will being to volunteer in giving information, especiallyinformation of a private or sensitive nature if the researcher agrees to hold such informationin confidence. It is possible that research participants may be hurt in someway if the data collection methods used are somehow insensitivity, thereis perhaps a greater danger that harm can be happened once data has beencollected.
This occurs when the data is not treated appropriately, whether in termsof the storage of data, analysis or during the submission process. An alternativelyis to remove identifiers such as vernacular terms, names, geographical cues orprovide proxies when writing the research.Therefore, we need to consider the way to overcomethe problems, such as aggregating data in tables and setting rules toensure a minimum number of units are reviewed before data/information can bepresented.4) AVOIDING DECEPTIVE PRACTICESIn thefirst sight, deceptive practices fly in the face of informedconsent. Besides that, how could participants notice that they are takingpart in research and what the research requires of them if they arebeing deceived?.
This is part of what makes the use of deceptive practicescontroversial. For this reason, in most circumstances, research studyshould be avoid from any kinds of deceptive practices. 5) PROVIDING THE RIGHT TO WITHDRAWWiththe exception of those instances of covert observation where is notfeasible to let everyone that is being observed know what you are doing,research participants should always have the right to withdraw fromthe research process. Furthermore, participants should have the right towithdraw at any stage in the research process.
When a participant chooses towithdraw from the research process, they should not be pressured or forced inany way to try and stop them from withdrawing.