Genetically modified (GM) foods aremade from organisms whose DNA has been modified by adding a new gene or by alteringan existing section of DNA. The technology used is biotechnology or genetic engineering,where it allows selected genes to be relocated from one organism into another.
Thisis done to ensure farmers are able to improve the quality of crops in a more effectiveway (ConnectUS 2017). It can helpfarmers produce a larger production of food, as GM foods have a greater abilityto resist pests and insects, this is done using agricultural biotechnology(Arya 2015). It also benefits humans, as the same nutrition can be gained from lowerlevels of food consumption (Vittana 2017). However, there are also drawbacks inusing GM food. It is very expensive to produce GM foods, therefore less economicallydeveloped countries (LEDC) will find it difficult to produce these, and to alsobuy them.
Genetically modified food has big potential in the future, it canhelp to protect the environment as it reduces the use of herbicides andchemicals, as well as solving malnutrition and hunger problems around the world.The potential benefits are huge, but there are many challenges ahead forgovernments in areas such as safety and testing, as well as ethical issues (GMONegative impacts 2005).