4. Impact on societyMalaysia generates large amount of agriculture waste such as oil palm, rice, sugar cane and bamboo, the bulk of which are not being currently utilised for any further downstream operation.
Some of the company may burn agriculture waste directly to reduce the cost. However, agriculture wastes burning are one among the many sources of air pollution. Severe pollution of land and water on local as well as regional scale caused by burning of agriculture waste. This also adversely affects the nutrient budget in the soil. Besides, agriculture waste produce carbon, nitrogen and sulphur and lost to the atmosphere in the process of burning. It results in the emission of smoke which if added to the gases present in the air like methane, nitrogen oxide and ammonia, can cause severe atmospheric pollution.
Health risk, aggravating asthma, chronic bronchitis and decrease lung function will be caused by those smoke. Burning of agriculture waste also contributes indirectly to the increased ozone pollution. Poor visibility which could lead to increased road side incidences of accident also caused by burning of agriculture waste. It has adverse consequences on the quality of soil. When the agriculture waste is burnt the existing minerals present in the soil get destroyed which adversely hampers the cultivation of the next crop. Impact of burning includes removal of a large portion of the organic material which affect the agriculture product.
Therefore, the product decided to use bamboo and rice husk to produce environmental friendly product. 4.1 Impact of the project toward environmentBamboo and rice husk are decided to use in this project due to important role in the environment. Using bamboo and rice husk to replace wood beam can reduce deforestation rate, with the trees chop down year in year out, this will however decrease the rate of timber consumption. Bamboo can be harvested and replenished without destroying the natural forest.
These diversities make bamboo environmental friendly and easily adaptable. They can be harvested within 3–5 years unlike most softwood 10–20 years, and also they have biomass of 2–5% unlike wood 10–30%. This can make a great impact on the environment because the project can prove that there is an alternative option to produce wood product by not cutting down trees to preserve valuable resources of oxygen supply and habitat for many endangered species. 4.2 Impact of the project toward healthAs the product is majority produced by agriculture waste which come from natural resource such as bamboo and rice husk so, product is biodegradable. Therefore, this project is considered to be as environmental friendly as the project is emphasizing in reusing the bamboo and rice husk to make a beam.
Wood pallet will undergoes some treatments to fumigate it from insects. By using methyl bromide to chemically treat the wood pallet is one of the treatment. If inhaled methyl bromide may case abdominal pain, dizziness, vomiting or loss of speech or coordination. If exposed to the skin, redness and blistering may occur. However, the beam produced by bamboo and rice do not undergo such treatment due to the rice husk contain high percentage of silica, it can prevent the product from insects. Thus, the product in this project is harmless to human health.
4.3 Impact of the project toward societyOther than that, it is believe that the society will have lesser waste produce from bamboo and rice husk since a large volume will be needed in order to produce a good mechanical properties beam. Therefore, this project is helping the society to reduce unwanted waste at least from the bamboo and rice husk. Some related company no longer upset to deal with the agriculture waste.
The air pollution will be reduce since the burning of the agriculture reduce. This project will also indirectly increase the environmental awareness of people. After the product is done, people will know that the price of agriculture waste beam has lower price than a pure wood beam and it has the similar toughness, hardness, and bending strength as a pure wood.
This will be a positive sign to the society as new material can increase the environment awareness.