Reducing hazards in the home has notbeen shown to be an effective falls prevention strategy in the general olderpopulation and those at low risk of falls. However, home hazard reduction iseffective if targeted to older people with a history of falls and visual andmobility limitations. The effectiveness may depend on providing complementarymobility training and other strategies for increasing behavior change.

(Stephene tal, 2008)The complex interactionbetween an individual’s physical ability and the challenges posed by theirenvironment does not allow for a simple cause-and-effect relationship to beestablished. DC (Center of Disease Control), has developed the STEADI (StoppingElderly Accidents, Deaths & Injuries) initiative which includes educationalmaterials and tools to improve fall prevention by identify patients at low,moderate, and high risk for a fall, identify modifiable risk factors and offereffective interventions. World Health Organization (WHO)” a fall is an eventwhich results in a person coming to rest inadvertently on the ground or flooror other lower level”.(who,2016)          Falls also commonly occur if a persondoes not realize that a rug is present.

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This may happen if the lighting is toodim or the surroundings are unfamiliar. Falls may also result from slipping ona throw rug that is not securely affixed to the floor. The second greatestnumber of injuries occur on stairs and steps, especially during descent.  People commonly miscalculate the dimensionsof the stair because of poor lighting in the stairwell or trip because ofuneven stair heights (risers) or clutter on the steps.  A person’s foot can get caught on stairs orstair coverings that are in poor condition.

     Reducing hazards in the home has not beenshown to be an effective falls prevention strategy in the general olderpopulation and those at low risk of falls. However, home hazard reduction iseffective if targeted to older people with a history of falls and visual andmobility limitations. The effectiveness may depend on providing complementarymobility training and other strategies for increasing behavior change. (Stephene tal, 2008)

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