1- Anne frank was Jewish diarist was born in German on June 12, 1929.2- Anne Frank real name was Annelise Marie Frank.3- Otto and Edith Frank were Anne Frank’s parents.4- Her family moved to the Netherlands in 1933, when Hitler came to power. 5- Her father had been arranging his business in Amsterdam and place to hide.
6- But in 1940 Hitler invade Netherlands and in 1942 he ordered to kill all the Jewish people.7- In 1942 Anne’s family went hiding in secret place in her father’s office in Amsterdam. 8- Before going hiding Anne Frank gave her cat, tea pot and a tin of marbles to the neighbor to keep safe.
9- The secret place was annex which can be access only by a moving bookcase.10- Along with Anne mother, father and sister there were other people who were hiding with them.11- Frank’s friends-Hermann and Auguste van Pels with their son Peter, and Fritz Pfeffer, a German dentist were with them.12- They hid there for 2 years.13- They had to keep quiet and stay inside all the time.
14- Anne Frank kept a dairy throughout 2 years.15- The diary was a gift on her 13th birthday.16- She calls her diary ‘Kitty’ or maybe she was referring to some imaginary friend. 17- She wrote about everything, how they moved to Amsterdam and every detail.
18- She wrote about how they were discriminated and separated. 19- Her diary was covered in red and white checked cloth with small lock on it.20- Other than her experiences about hiding and war, she also wrote short stories and quotations.21- Gerrit Bolkestein, Dutch Education minister asked the people to keep their dairies about world war.22- The speech was inspiration for Anne Frank and she started rewriting her diary with the name ‘The secret Annex’.
23- On 4th August 1944 all eight people were arrested by German secret police and four Dutch Nazi officers.24- There are no clues or information how they were discovered.25- Anne’s diary was retrieved by Otto’s friend, Miep Gies in hope to return her.26- All of them were transported to camp Westerbork of northeastern Netherlands. 27- On 3rd September they were transferred to Auschwitz concentration camp. Soon after all the men and women were separated.
28- It was the last time Anne Frank saw her father.29- Anne and her sister spend months working hard in camp.30- In inters of 1944 the two sister were transported to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany.31- Her mother died of starvation on 6th January 1945.
32- Anne’s sister died in 1945 due to typhus.33- Anne at the age of 15 died of typhus on 12th march 1945.34- Few weeks after the death of the sister the camp was liberated by British troops.35- Anne’s father was the only survivor of all the eight people.36- Her father came back home in search of his family. 37- Miep Gies returned the diary to her father.
38- He read the whole book bit by bit because it was very tough to read painful memories.39- Her father decided to publish her diary.40- The Dairy of a Young Girl or The Dairy of Anne Frank was first published in year 1947.
41- The dairy was translated in 70 different languages.42- About 30 million copies of book were sold.43- Some portions of the book was not published because of the intimate description oby her of her body.
44- The Dairy of Anne Frank is one of the most famous books in the world.45- Her sister, Margot also used to write dairy, but never found.46- The secret Annex of building at Prinsengratacht 263 was opened to public as museum in year 1960.47- Her original diary is on display in Annex.
48- The Anne Frank House is the second most popular museum; it receives about 1.2 million visitors a year.49- Anne’s family visa was denied by U.
S.as refugees.50- A school in Alabama tried to block the book in school because it was a real downer’.51- Some people, who denies Holocaust believe that diary of Anne Frank is fake.52- Many investigations of handwriting, ink and paper was done to put the rumor to the rest, but nothing was found.
53- She had a dream of becoming an actress.54- Anne Frank was recorded in a video watching the neighbor’s marriage. It is on the YouTube.55- Her diary explains the pain and suffering of all the teenagers during the war time.56- In Anne’s diary there is a description of small romance with Peter vans Pels, son of Otto’s friend and one of the eight people in warehouse.
57- Anne’s relation with her mother was not so good, but after living in Annex she realized that she was hard on her mother. 58- Her father was in German army during World War I.59- In some entries of diary she desired to pursue career in journalism and writing. 60- Anne Frank’s diary inspired so many people around the globe.