1. the creature was a mistake and

1. Mary Shelley’s novel, “Frankenstein”, is structured by a framed narrative and epistolary style.  A framed narrative allows the writer to present a story within a story. Epistolary style offers the reader points of view from the captain of the ship, the scientist, and the creature, through the letters that Shelley included in the beginning of the novel, circling back to the end.  The structure contributes to the effectiveness of the novel, by presenting the reader with multiple perspectives within one text. The different perspectives allow the reader to know the character’s thoughts, feelings, and desires, making the novel more interesting and entertaining to read.

2. Mary Shelley’s primary message seems to be a warning against the pursuit of knowledge and science. These are both recurring themes in “Frankenstein”. Throughout the novel, Shelley warns the reader of the dangers that follow Victor’s actions, she does this because she wants the reader to know that pursuing certain information can be dangerous and lead to  bad decisions. In the quote, “..

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.a train of reflection occurred to me, which led me to consider the effects of what I was now doing. Three years before I was engaged in the same manner, and had created a fiend whose unparalleled barbarity had desolated my heart, and filled it forever with the bitterest remorse”, Victor is reflecting on his past decisions and where they have led him to. He realizes that seeking out the information that was needed to create the creature was a mistake and that even considering creating another creature would be foolish and something he would regret in the future.

3. In Mary Shelley’s novel, the creature is afraid of being isolated and rejected, he wants to feel loved and accepted for once. The creature in the novel is intelligent, unlike the modern Halloween idea of Frankenstein, who is generalized as a “dumb, green, murderous brute”.  The creature in the novel is human-like and has morals and beliefs, whereas the Halloween Frankenstein is portrayed as a monster whose only purpose is to eat humans. 4. In the Author’s Introduction of her novel, Frankenstein, Mary Shelley wrote that her main goal was to write a story,  “One which would speak to the mysterious fears of our nature, and awaken thrilling horror—one to make the reader dread to look round, to curdle the blood, and quicken the beatings of the heart. If I did not accomplish these things, my ghost story would be unworthy of its name.

” Shelley’s novel was “given birth” to by a variety of influences, first, a nightmare she had, was written in the introduction of the novel, “I saw the hideous phantasm of a man stretched out…”. This nightmare was one of the main influences of Frankenstein, and where the idea came about. Another influence of Mary’s is John Milton’s epic poem, Paradise Lost, about the downfall of man due to the disobedience of God. In her novel, the scientist disobeys God by believing he can be the creator of life.  The most important reason for Mary to write Frankenstein was Lord Byron, who challenged her to simply write a ghost story.


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