1. At the first line of Sonnet 18, Shakespeare starts with a rhetorical question, compared his lover to a summer day. The author praises his lover’s beauty even further by stating that the lover is even “more lovely and more temperate”.
His lover’s beauty seems to surpass a summer day. However, right after that, Shakespeare points out that the beauty of the summer can change or disappear eventually: by time, by the hotness of the sun, by misfortune, or just by nature’s course. His lover’s beauty is just the same as a summer’s day: the lover will eventually get old, and by then, her beauty and her youth will fade. She will eventually die, and her beauty will die with her.
Shakespeare doesn’t want that to happen, he wants her beauty to be everlasting. Therefore, he writes this poem about his lover’s beauty with a hope that the art can keep her beauty forever throughout the time because the poem itself will not change over time. People will read the poem, they will make the poem live on and more and more people will know about her beauty. In his verse, she and her beauty shall live forever.