• West • People in certain areas

• The Silk Road – a substantial network of trade routes that connected Asia, the Mediterranean, Africa and Europe
• Started 2000 years ago, stretching over 8000 Km – many small routes connected and formed the main road – silk and many other goods were traded
• Named “The Silk Road” by Ferdinand Von Richthofen, a German geographer in 1877
• Cultural diversity between great civilizations – China, India, Persia, Arab and Rome

• Describe three features of The Silk Road

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• Development, usage and reasons for its decline
Paragraph 2

• Route developed during the Chinese Han Dynasty – Chinese diplomat first travelled the route in the 2nd century BC

• In response to high demand for silk the route formed 20 centuries ago

• Lasted around 1600 years

• 8th century – under The Tang Dynasty rule – favourable policies encouraged trade, The Silk Road reached its peak

Paragraph 3
• Transported trade goods – luxury such as silk, musk, and diamonds

• Exchange of goods, culture, technology, knowledge and diseases – linked merchants, pilgrims and soldiers

• Played a huge role in development of great civilisations – China, India, Egypt, Persia, Arabia, Rome and Byzantium

• Historians declared it “information superhighway” – spread of knowledge from East to West

• People in certain areas desired products from other areas – Romans traded silk for the same weight in gold

Paragraph 4

• During the late 15th century trade on The Silk Road declined as sea trade increased

• Advantages of sea route:
o Less cost, trouble and danger
o Easier, safer and ships are stronger
o Opened new markets and commercial opportunities
o Fewer stops – lowering prices

• Disadvantages of land route:
o ‘Tribal policies’ success of the route depended on countries at peace
o Difficulty in transporting goods during war
o Many stops – increasing prices
o Bad weather – sandstorms in some towns

• Ming Dynasty – isolation policy

Topic: Cultural Diversity

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Last updated: August 1, 2019


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